Disclaimer: The information on this page has not been checked by an independent person.   Use this information at your own risk.
ROYMECHX clone of ROYMECH

Click arrows to page adverts



These Pages include various standards. To confirm the status of any standard, identify the replacement standard if it is obsolete and/or purchase the standard please use.
BSI Shop
It is also possible to become a BSI member and obtain copies of the Standards at much reduced prices.


Home
Matter Index
Aluminium Alloys
Introduction

Aluminium is the most widely used metal in engineering apart from iron. The reason the aluminium is widely used is because the combination of properties makes it one of the most versatile of engineering and construction materials. Aluminium is light in weight, yet some of its alloys have strengths greater than that of structural steel. It has good electrical and thermal conductivities and high reflectivity to both heat and light. It is highly corrosion resistant under a great many service conditions and is nontoxic. Aluminium can be cast,extruded forged, drawn, hot rolled and cold rolled.


CEN identification of Aluminium Alloys

The European numbering system (ref BS EN 573-1:1995 ) identifies the alloy using an identification starting with AW :
A for Aluminium and W for Wrought alloys ...(AB/AC for Cast Alloys-ref BS EN 1706 /BS EN 1780 ).

This is followed by number ranges for indicating groups of alloys.

Work Hardening Alloys
  • En AW-1xxx Pure Aluminium (>99%)
  • En AW-3xxx...Aluminium Manganese Alloys AlMn
  • En AW-4xxx.. Aluminium Silicon Allosy AlSi
  • En AW-5xxx..Aluminium-Magnesium alloys AlMg
Heat Treatable Alloys
  • En AW-2xxxx Aluminium Cu alloys AlCu
  • En AW-6xxx...Aluminium Magesium Silicon alloys AlMg Si
  • En AW-7xxx.. Aluminium Zinc Magnesioum alloys AlZnMg

The alloy condition, or temper as covered in BS EN 515, is denoted by a suffix to the alloy code:

  • O for Anealed
  • F as fabricated,
  • T for heat treatments.
    (The T is followed be a number of digits identifying in some detail the heat treament i.e. •The first digit is a precise sequence of events. •Subsequent digits: indicate a variation in treatment which significantly alters the characteristics of the product with respect to the original temper.
  • H for Strain Hardened material supply.
    (The H is followed be a number of digits i.e. • First digit: type of treatment. • Second digit: the final degree of strain-hardening, where 8 is normally the hardest (e.g. 4 = half hard). • Third digit: (when used) a variation of a two-digit temper.)

Pure Aluminium

Commercially pure aluminium varies from about 99,3% to 99,7% Al. The higher purity Aluminium is selected for use as electrical conductors and reflector sheets. Lower-purity alloys with iron an copper added as necessary is relatively soft and ductile with excellent workability and weldability

Aluminium is an important material in a large cross section of industries. It is suitable for forming, welding and machining and provides the following advantages;

  • Non - Magnetic
  • Good electrical conductivity; about 60% that of Copper but reduced by the presence of alloying elements
  • Highly economic to recycle
  • High specific strength
  • High corrosion fatigue resistance
  • Low specific gravity approximately 1/3 of steel

Although available in a number of grades, Aluminium can be divided into two major categories of wrought alloys


Work Hardening Alloys

These alloys ie., Non heat treatable, include commercially pure aluminium and the alloys including manganese or magnesium.  These alloys can be fully or partly softened by annealing at 350 - 400 deg Celcius.

A small number of typical example aluminium allows are listed below. The links on this page include much more comprehensive information..

Grade.       Cond'n Al Mg Mn Fe Si Cu Zn Cr Ti Rp.02 Rm E Notes
    wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% MPa >MPa GPa  
AW-1200 0 > 99%   < 0.05     <=0,05 <=0,1 - <= 0,05 25 90 69 Packaging, foils, Miscellaneous
AW-1200 Hx4 > 99%   < 0.05     <=0,05 <= 0,1 - <= 0,05 100 120 69  
AW-3003 0 Remain   1,0-1,5 <= 0,7 <=0,6 0,05 - 0,2 <= 0,10 - - 50 110 69,5 Building Industry, Roofing etc
AW-3003 Hx6 Remain   1,0 - 1,5 <= 0,7 <=0,6 0,05 - 0,2 <= 0,10 - - 165 180 69,5  
AW-5005 0 Remain 0,5-1,1 < = 0,2 <= 0,7 <= 0,2 <= 0,2 <= 0,25 <= 0,10 - 45 120 69,5 Building Industry, Roofing etc
AW-5005 Hx6 Remain 0,5-1,1 <= 0,2 <= 0,7 <= 0,2 <= 0,2 <= 0,25 <= 0,10 - 165 180 69,5  
AW-5086 0 Remain 3,45 - 4,5 0,2-0,7 <= 0,5 <= 0,4 <= 0,1 <= 0,25 0,05-0,25 <= 0,15 130 275 71 Structures and equipment, Piping, tanks
AW-5086 Hx6 Remain 3,45-4,5 0,2-0,7 <= 0,5 <= 0,4 <= 0,1 <= 0,25 0,05 - 0,25 <= 0,15 280 345 71  



Heat Treatable Alloys

Heat treatable alloys or precipitation hardening alloys include copper, magnesium, zinc and silicon as important constituents.

A small number of typical example aluminium allows are listed below. The links on this page include much more comprehensive information..
Grade.       Cond'n Al Mg Mn Fe Si Cu Zn Cr Ti Rp.02 Rm E Notes
    wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% wt% MPa >MPa GPa  
AW-2011 T3 Remain   -   <=0,4 5,0 - 6,0 <= 0,3 - - 290 365 72,5 Screws, Nuts, Machined components
AW-2011 T6 Remain   -   <=0,4 5,0 - 6,0 <= 0,3 - - 300 395 72,5  
AW-6016 0 Remain 0,25-0,6 <=0,2 <=0,5 1,0 - 1,5 <= 0,2 <= 0,20 <= 0,1 <= 1,15 50 100 69,5 Aluminium Car Body sheets
AW-6016 T5 Remain 0,25-0,6 <=0,2 <=0,5 1,0 - 1,5 <= 0,2 <= 0,20 <= 0,1 <= 1,15 185 220 69,5  
AW-7020 0 Remain 1,0-1,4 0,05 -0,5 <=0,4 <=0,35 <=0,2 4,0 - 5,0 0,1 - 0,35 **
0,08 - 0,2
80 180 70 Welded Structural Components,(**Zr + Ti)
AW-7020 T5 Remain 1,0-1,4 0,05 -0,5 <= 0,4 <= 0,35 <= 0,2 4,0 - 5,0 0,1 - 0,35 **
0,08 - 0,2
315 375 70  

Specifications
A table of reference British Standards is located at Aluminium Standards


Links Providing information on Aluminium
  1. Aluselect.. Excellent source of data on aluminium alloys to European standards
  2. Aluminium Matter org..A site providing links and information joint Liverpool University and EAA.
  3. Angelfire.. As site devoted to Aluminium
  4. Key-To-Metal An excellent reference site for non-ferrous metal classifications and properties.- registration required for full access
  5. Matweb... The best source of material Information in the Web
  6. AALCO A UK metals supplier- Site includes lots of useful Techical Data Sheets and specifications
  7. AZOM (A to Z of materials) Website includes links to many detailed articles

This Page is being developed

Home
Matter Index

Send Comments to Roy Beardmore

Last Updated 10/03/2010